Pahadi Kikar Honey

Kikar Honey: Benefits, Production, and Uses

Kikar Honey, also known as Acacia Honey, originates from the serene landscapes of Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir. This monofloral honey offers a mild sweetness with floral notes and is packed with antioxidants and therapeutic properties

Kikar honey is also recognized as Acacia honey and offers a blend of sweet flavor. Being a unique monofloral (Single Origin) honey, it originates from the deep forests and the serene landscapes above 5000 ft like in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

Its color ranges from almost transparent to a light golden, reflecting the purity of the environment from which it is sourced. The taste of Kikar honey is as delicate as its appearance, offering a mild sweetness with hints of floral notes, making it a preferred choice for those who appreciate a less overpowering sweetness in honey.

Kikar honey is considered as a powerhouse of antioxidants and is extensively used for its therapeutic properties like soothing sore throats, enhancing digestive health, among others. 

Its nectar source is Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust or false acacia) and the bees responsible for the pollination and production of Kikar honey are Apis Mellifera (Western honey bee) which collects nectar from these flowers to create this exquisite honey. 

Part 1: The Kikar Tree (Robinia pseudoacacia / Black Locust / False Acacia)


According to Wikiepedia, Robinia pseudoacacia, commonly known as black locust or false acacia, has been widely planted and naturalized across various regions globally including Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India. The tree is part of the Fabaceae family, renowned for its nitrogen-fixing ability, which enriches the soil, making it a valuable species for ecological restoration and reforestation projects.

Black locust exhibits a range of invasive tendencies outside its native range, leading to significant environmental and economic impacts. It's particularly noted for its adaptability to different climates and soil types, thriving in areas far removed from its native habitat.

The tree's reproductive strategies include both sexual reproduction through fragrant, nectar-rich flowers that attract various pollinators and asexual reproduction via root suckers, enabling rapid spread and colonization of new areas. 

Its wood is highly valued for its durability and resistance to rot, making it ideal for furniture, flooring, and outdoor construction. Also, the tree is a significant honey plant, contributing to apiculture.

Physical Description 

  • Height and Structure: Robinia pseudoacacia typically reaches a height of 12–30 meters with a diameter of 0.61–1.22 meters. It has a straight trunk and a narrow crown that becomes scraggly with age.
  • Bark and Branches: The bark is reddish-black and gray, deeply furrowed into grooves and ridges. Young branches are initially coated with white silvery down, which soon disappears, turning pale green and then reddish or greenish brown.
  • Leaves: The leaves are dark blue-green, compound, with 9–19 leaflets per leaf. Each leaflet is 2.5–5.1 cm long and 0.65–1.9 cm wide, rounded or slightly indented at the tip.
  • Flowers: Flowers bloom in May or June, are cream-white with a pale yellow blotch, about 2.5 cm wide, and very fragrant.
  • Fruit: The fruit is a flat, smooth pea-like pod, 5.1–10.2 cm long, usually containing 4–8 seeds.

Scientific Classification

  • Kingdom: Plantae
  • Clade: Tracheophytes, Angiosperms, Eudicots, Rosids
  • Order: Fabales
  • Family: Fabaceae
  • Subfamily: Faboideae
  • Genus: Robinia
  • Species: R. pseudoacacia

Part 2: Production of Pahadi Kikar Honey

The Western honey bee, or European honey bee (Apis Mellifera), is indeed the most common of the 7-12 species of honey bees worldwide. The name "Apis" is Latin for "bee," and "mellifera" means "honey-bearing," reflecting the species' ability to produce honey. These bees are eusocial, forming colonies with a single fertile female (queen), many non-reproductive females (workers), and a small proportion of fertile males (drones).

Apis Mellifera plays a crucial role in the production of Kikar honey, particularly in regions like Srinagar, Jammu, and Kashmir.

How Bees Collect Nectar from Kikar Flowers?

Western honey bees (Apis Mellifera) are adept at collecting nectar from the flowers of the Kikar tree (Robinia pseudoacacia). These bees forage on the fragrant, cream-white flowers of the Kikar tree, using their long proboscis to extract the nectar. The process is vital for the tree's pollination and the production of Kikar honey.

Factors Affecting Nectar Quality and Quantity:

Several factors influence the quality and quantity of nectar from Kikar flowers, including:

  • Environmental Conditions: Temperature, humidity, and rainfall can affect nectar secretion.
  • Soil Health: Nutrient-rich soil can enhance the quality of Kikar flowers and their nectar.
  • Plant Health: Healthy Kikar trees, free from pests and diseases, produce more nectar.
  • Bee Health: The health and population of the bee colony also play a crucial role in nectar collection.

From Nectar to Honey

The Process of Transforming Nectar into Honey:

Once the nectar is collected, bees transport it to the hive, where it's passed from one bee to another, gradually reducing its water content and converting it into honey. Enzymes secreted by the bees transform the nectar's sugars into more complex forms, and the constant fanning by the bees' wings helps evaporate excess water, thickening the substance into honey.

Extraction and Processing Methods Used by Beekeepers:

Beekeepers harvest Kikar honey by removing the honeycombs from the hive and then extracting the honey, often using a centrifugal force extractor. The honey is then strained to remove impurities and may be pasteurized to kill any yeast and prevent fermentation. However, many beekeepers prefer to keep the honey raw to preserve its natural flavors and nutritional benefits.

Part 3: Characteristics of Pahadi Kikar Honey

  • Color: It is orange-yellow, like a sunset.
  • Texture: It's thick, not runny.
  • Taste: It's sweet, but not too sweet.

Part 4: Health Benefits of Kikar Honey

Pure Kikar honey, sourced from the forest areas of Kashmir, is a unique and premium honey variety with a range of health benefits. Here's a simplified explanation of its benefits:

  • Boosts Immunity and Allergy Relief: Kikar honey is packed with compounds that may stimulate the immune system which makes it more efficient at warding off illnesses. Its anti-inflammatory properties may also help reduce the symptoms of allergies by calming the immune response to allergens.
  • Energy Booster: The natural sugars in Kikar honey provide a quick source of energy. It is also an excellent option for a quick pick-me-up. Unlike refined sugar, honey contains trace amounts of vitamins and minerals, contributing to a more sustained energy release without the sharp spike and crash associated with other sugar sources.
  • Memory Enhancer: The antioxidants in Kikar honey may help maintain brain health, potentially improving memory and cognitive functions. Antioxidants reduce oxidative stress in the brain, a factor that can contribute to memory decline.
  • Beneficial for Children and Pregnant Women: For children, Kikar honey may support growth and development due to its nutrient content. For pregnant women, the vitamins and minerals in the honey may support fetal development while providing an energy boost and enhancing the mother's immune system.
  • Men's Health: The nutrients in Kikar honey may have a positive effect on male reproductive health, including improving the viscosity of spermatic fluid, which is crucial for fertility. Its antioxidant properties can also support overall vitality.
  • Rich in Nutrients: Kikar honey is a source of essential nutrients, including vitamins and minerals that are vital for maintaining health. While it should not be the sole source of these nutrients, it can complement a balanced diet.
  • Antioxidant Properties: The antioxidants in Kikar honey, such as flavonoids and phenolic acids, can help neutralize free radicals, reducing oxidative stress and potentially lowering the risk of chronic diseases.
  • Antibacterial and Anti-inflammatory: Kikar honey has natural antibacterial properties, making it effective against various pathogens. Its anti-inflammatory effects may help reduce inflammation throughout the body, benefiting conditions like sore throats, wounds, and even some chronic inflammatory diseases.

What Are The Directions of Using Kikar Honey?

  • Approximately 25 ml of Kikar honey is required to replace 30 ml of white sugar.
  • Use it as a topping on desserts.
  • Morning detox shot - Add freshly cut Giloy and few tulsi leaves in water, boil the water for 5-7 minutes. Strain the water and let it cool until it becomes lukewarm. Then add one tablespoon of Kikar honey and your immunity booster morning detox shot is ready.
  • Store the tightly sealed jar of honey in a cool, dry, and dark location 

What Is The Nutrient Value of Pahadi Kikar Honey (100gm)?

Fat (g)


Protein (g)


Carbohydrates (g)


Energy (kcal)


Check our Pahadi Kikar Honey at our store. 

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